Somali MICS/PAPFAM 2006


MICS 2006

Survey Type

Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey - Round 3 [hh/mics-3]

Series Information

The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, Round 3 (MICS3) is the third round of MICS surveys, previously conducted around 1995 (MICS1) and 2000 (MICS2).  Many questions and indicators are consistent and compatible with the prior round of MICS (MICS2) but less so with MICS1, although there have been a number of changes in definition of indicators between rounds.  Details can be found by reviewing the indicator definitions.


Version Description

Version 1.0: edited data used for final report

Production Date




The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a household survey programme developed by UNICEF to assist countries in filling data gaps for monitoring human development in general and the situation of children and women in particular.  The Pan Arab Population and Family Health Project(PAPFAM) is a programme conducted to enable national health institutions in the Arab region to obtain a timely and integrated flow of reliable information suitable for formulating, implementing, monitoring and evaluating the family health and reproductive health policies and programs in a cost-effective manner. 

MICS and PAPFAM are capable of producing statistically sound, internationally comparable estimates of social indicators. The current round of MICS/PAPFAM is focused on providing a monitoring tool for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the World Fit for Children (WFFC), as well as for other major international commitments, such as the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on HIV/AIDS and the Abuja targets for malaria.

Survey Objectives 

The 2006 Somali Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS)/Pan Arab Population and Family Health Project(PAPFAM)
has as its primary objectives:

To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Somalia

To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established in the Millennium Declaration, the goals of A World Fit For Children (WFFC), and other internationally agreed upon goals, as a basis for future action;

To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Somalia and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.

Survey Content

Following the MICS global questionnaire templates, the questionnaires were designed in a modular fashion customized to the needs of Somalia.  The questionnaires consist of a household questionnaire, a questionnaire for women aged 15-49 and a questionnaire for children under the age of five (to be administered to the mother or caretaker).  

Survey Implementation

The Somalia MICS/PAPFAM was carried out by UNICEF with the support and assistance the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation of the Somali Transitional Federal Government, the Ministry of National Planning and Coordination of Somaliland and the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation of Puntland. Technical assistance and training for the survey was provided through a series of regional workshops organised by UNICEF and PAPFAM, covering questionnaire content, sampling and survey implementation; data processing; data quality and data analysis; report writing and dissemination.

Kind of Data

Sample survey data [ssd]

Unit of Analysis

Households (defined as a group of persons who usually live and eat together)

De jure household members (defined as memers of the household who usually live in the household, which may include people who did not sleep in the household the previous night, but does not include visitors who slept in the household the previous night but do not usually live in the household)

Women aged 15-49

Children aged 0-4


Description of Scope

The scope of the 2006 Somali MICS/PAPFAM Survey includes:

HOUSEHOLD: Household characteristics, household listing, orphaned children, education, child labour, water and sanitation, household use of insecticide treated mosquito nets, salt iodization and maternal mortality.

WOMEN: Women's characteristics, child mortality, birth history, tetanus toxoid, maternal and newborn health, marriage, polygyny, female genital cutting, contraception, HIV/AIDS knowledge and domestic violence.

CHILDREN: Children's characteristics, birth registration and early learning, vitamin A, breastfeeding, care of illness, malaria, immunization and anthropometry.

Topic Classifications

Household members
Water and sanitation
Household characteristics
Child labour
Salt iodization
Women's background
Tetanus toxoid
Child Mortality
Birth History
Maternal and newborn health
Marriage and union
Children's background
Birth registration
Early learning
Vitamin A
Care of illness
Female genital cutting
Attitudes towards domestic violence
Maternal mortality


Geographic Coverage

The Somali 2006 MICS/PAPFAM covers all regions of Somalia.  For the purposes of this survey, the analysis refers to the North West Zone, the North East Zone and Central South Zone according to prewar boundaries for Somaliland and Puntland and does not imply any recognition of administrative boundaries by the United Nations or the League of Arab States.


The survey covered all de jure household members (usual residents), all women aged 15-49 years resident in the household, and all children aged 0-4 years (under age 5) resident in the household. The survey also included a full birth history module which covered all live births born to ever-married women aged 15-49.

Producers and Sponsors

Primary Investigator(s)

UNICEF Somalia Support Centre (UNICEF )

Other Producers

PAPFAM - Pan Arab Population and Family Health Project (League of Arab States): International technical assistance
UNICEF/SIS/DPP/NYHQ - Strategic Information Section, Division of Policy and Planning, UNICEF NYHQ (UNICEF): International technical assistance


UNICEF - UNICEF : Funding of survey implementation
WHO - WHO : Part funding of survey preparation
UNFPA - UNFPA : Part funding of data entry and dissemination
GF - Global Fund : Part funding of data collection

Metadata Production

Metadata produced by:

James, Rhiannon (UNICEF): Producer of the Somali MICS Archive
Croft, Trevor (UNICEF): Producer of the Generic MICS Archive Example

Date of metadata publication


DDI Document Version

Somali MICS 2006 v0.2

DDI Document ID

Generated: MAR-20-2008 using the IHSN Microdata Management Toolkit