Variable ws1 : Main source of drinking water

Overview
Type: Continuous
Format: numeric
Width: 2
Decimal(s): 0
Range: 11-99
Valid case(s): 27564
Invalid: 0
Minimum: 11
Maximum: 96

File: wm

Universe
Households
Source of information
Head of household or other responsible household member

Categories

Value Category Cases
11 Piped into dwelling 18926 68.7%
12 Piped into yard or plot 2668 9.7%
13 Public tap/standpipe 326 1.2%
21 Tubewell/borehole 163 0.6%
31 Protected well 350 1.3%
32 Unprotected well 111 0.4%
41 Protected spring 42 0.2%
42 Unprotected spring 113 0.4%
51 Rainwater collection 95 0.3%
62 Tanker-truck 1122 4.1%
71 Cart with small tank/drum 265 1.0%
81 Surface water 1694 6.1%
91 Bottled water 263 1.0%
96 Other 1413 5.1%
99 Missing 0 0.0%
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.

Literal question
What is the main source of drinking water for members of your household?
Interviewer instructions
The purpose of the first two questions of this module is to assess the type of household water used for drinking as well as for other purposes, such as cooking and washing hands. 

Definitions of the various sources of water are as follows (codes refer to those used in WS1 and WS2):
·	'11' -  Piped into dwelling, also called a house connection, is defined as water service connected by pipe with in-house plumbing to one or more taps, for example, in the kitchen and/or bathroom.
·	'12' - Piped water to yard/plot, also called a yard connection, is defined as a piped water connection to a tap placed in the yard or plot outside the house.
·	'13' - A public tap or standpipe is a water point from which the public may collect their water. A standpipe may also be known as a public fountain or public tap. Public standpipes can have one or more taps and are typically made of brickwork, masonry or concrete.
·	'21' - A tube-well or borehole is a deep hole that has been driven, bored or drilled with the purpose of reaching groundwater supplies. Boreholes/tube-wells are constructed with casing, or pipes, which prevent the small-diameter hole from caving in and provide protection from infiltration of run-off water. Water is delivered from a tube-well or borehole through a pump that may be powered by humans, animals, wind, electricity, diesel fuel or solar energy.
·	'31' - A protected dug well is a dug well that is protected from run-off water through a well lining or casing that is raised above ground level and a platform that diverts spilled water away from the well. Additionally, a protected dug well is covered so that bird droppings and animals cannot fall down the hole.
·	'32' - An unprotected dug well is a dug well for which one or both of the following are true: (1) the well is not protected from run-off water; (2) the well is not protected from bird droppings and animals. If at least one of these conditions is true, the well is unprotected.
·	'41' - A protected spring is a spring that is free from run-off and from bird droppings and animals. A spring is typically protected by a 'spring box' that is constructed of brick, masonry or concrete and is built around the spring so that water flows directly out of the box into a pipe without being exposed to outside pollution.
·	'42' - An unprotected spring is a spring that is subject to run-off or bird droppings or animals. Unprotected springs typically do not have a 'spring box' (described above).
·	'52' - Rainwater collection refers to rain that is collected or harvested from surfaces by roof and stored in a container, tank or cistern until used.
·	'53' Berkad
·	'54' Rain water catchment (Balli)
·	'61' - A tanker-truck water source transports and sells water by means of a tanker truck.
·	'71' - Cart with small tank/drum is used by a water provider who transports water into a community and then sells the water. Types of transports may include donkey cart, motorized vehicle or other means. 
·	'81' - Surface water is water located above ground and includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals and irrigation channels from which water is taken directly.
·	'91' - Bottled water is purchased water sold in bottles. Note that the code refers only to bottled water that is commercially available. Sometimes household members may store water from other sources in bottles - this should not be coded as bottled water.
Generated: MAR-10-2008 using the IHSN Microdata Management Toolkit