Variable WS7 : Kind of toilet facility

Type: Discrete
Format: numeric
Width: 2
Decimal(s): 0
Range: 11-99
Valid case(s): 12010 (12010)
Invalid: 2240 (0)
Minimum: 11
Maximum: 99

File: hh

Source of information
Head of household or other responsible household member


Value Category
11 Flush to piped sewer system
12 Flush to septic tank
13 Flush to pit (latrine)
14 Flush to somewhere else
15 Flush to unknown place/not sure/DK where
21 Ventilated Improved Pit latrine (VIP)
22 Pit latrine with slab
23 Pit latrine without slab/open pit
31 Composting toilet
41 Bucket
51 Hanging toilet/hanging latrine
95 No facilities or bush or field
96 Other
99 Missing

Literal question
What kind of toilet facility do members of your household usually use?

If "flush" or "pour flush", probe:
Where does it flush to?
If necessary, ask permission to observe the facility.
Interviewer instructions
Questions WS7, WS8 and WS9 are about the toilet facility household members use.


The purpose of this question is to obtain a measure of the cleanliness of the sanitary facility used by the household members. 

It may be necessary to observe the facility. If so, ask permission to do so. If the respondent answers or it is observed that the household members have no facilities or use the bush or field, enter '95' for 'No facilities or bush or field' and skip to the next module. If any of the flush or pour flush responses (11-15) are given, probe: "WHERE DOES IT FLUSH TO?" Circle the code corresponding to the response given.

Definitions of various types of toilet facilities are as follows:
A flush toilet uses a cistern or holding tank for flushing water and has a water seal, which is a U-shaped pipe, below the seat or squatting pan that prevents the passage of flies and odours. A pour flush toilet uses a water seal, but unlike a flush toilet, a pour flush toilet uses water poured by hand for flushing (no cistern is used).
. '11' - A piped sewer system is a system of sewer pipes, also called sewerage, that is designed to collect human excreta (faeces and urine) and wastewater and remove them from the household environment. Sewerage systems consist of facilities for collection, pumping, treating and disposing of human excreta and wastewater.
. '12' - A septic tank is an excreta collection device and is a water-tight settling tank normally located underground, away from the house or toilet.
. '13' - A flush/pour flush to pit latrine refers to a system that flushes excreta to a hole in the ground. 
. '14' - A flush/pour flush to somewhere else refers to excreta being deposited in or nearby the household environment (not into pit, septic tank or sewer); excreta may be flushed to the street, yard/plot, drainage way or other location.
. '15' - Flush to unknown place/not sure/DK where should be coded in cases when the respondent knows that the toilet facility is a flush toilet, but does not know where it flushes to.
'21' - A ventilated improved pit latrine or VIP is a type of pit latrine that is ventilated by a pipe extending above the latrine roof. The open end of the vent pipe is covered with gauze mesh or fly-proof netting and the inside of the superstructure is kept dark. 
'22' - A pit latrine with slab uses a hole in the ground for excreta collection and has a squatting slab, platform or seat that is firmly supported on all sides, easy to clean and raised above the surrounding ground level to prevent surface water from entering the pit.
'23' - A pit latrine without slab uses a hole in the ground for excreta collection and does not have a squatting slab, platform or seat. An open pit is a rudimentary hole in the ground where excreta is collected.
'31' - A composting toilet is a toilet into which excreta and carbon-rich material are added (vegetable wastes, straw, grass, sawdust, ash) and special conditions maintained to produce inoffensive compost.
'41' - Bucket refers to the use of a bucket or other container for the retention of faeces (and sometimes urine and anal cleaning material), which is periodically removed for treatment or disposal.
'51' - A hanging toilet or hanging latrine is a toilet built over the sea, a river, or other body of water into which excreta drops directly.
'95' - No facilities or bush or field includes excreta wrapped and thrown with garbage, the 'cat' method of burying excreta in dirt, defecation in the bush or field or ditch, and defecation into surface water (drainage channel, beach, river, stream or sea).
Generated: APR-26-2009 using the IHSN Microdata Management Toolkit