The Gambia


The Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2005-2006


MICS 2005-06

Survey Type

Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey - Round 3 [hh/mics-3]

Series Information

The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, Round 3 (MICS3) is the third round of MICS surveys, previously conducted around 1995 (MICS1) and 2000 (MICS2).  Many questions and indicators are consistent and compatible with the prior round of MICS (MICS2) but less so with MICS1, although there have been a number of changes in definition of indicators between rounds.  Details can be found by reviewing the indicator definitions.

ID Number

GMB-MICS2005-2006-UNICEF v1.2


Version Description

Version 1.1: Edited data sets used for the tables in the final report.



The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a household survey programme developed by UNICEF to assist countries in filling data gaps for monitoring human development in general and the situation of children and women in particular.  MICS is capable of producing statistically sound, internationally comparable estimates of social indicators. The Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey provides valuable information on the situation of children and women in The Gambia and was based, in large part, on the needs to monitor progress towards goals and targets emanating from recent international agreements: the Millennium Declaration, adopted by all 191 United Nations Member States in September 2000, and the Plan of Action of A World Fit For Children, adopted by 189 Member States at the United Nations Special Session on Children in May 2002. Both of these commitments build upon promises made by the international community at the 1990 World Summit for Children.

Survey Objectives:

The 2006 Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey has as its primary objectives:

To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in the Gambia;

To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established in the Millennium Declaration, the goals of A World Fit For Children (WFFC), and other internationally agreed upon goals, as a basis for future action;

To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in the Gambia and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.

Survey Content

Following the MICS global questionnaire templates, the questionnaires were designed in a modular fashion customized to the needs of The Gambia.  The questionnaires consist of a household questionnaire, a questionnaire for women aged 15-49 and a questionnaire for children under the age of five (to be administered to the mother or caretaker).  

Survey Implementation

The Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was carried by The Gambia Bureau of Statistics. Financial and technical support was provided by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Technical assistance and training for the survey was provided through a series of regional workshops organised by UNICEF covering questionnaire content, sampling and survey implementation; data processing; data quality and data analysis; report writing and dissemination.

Kind of Data

Sample survey data [ssd]

Unit of Analysis

Households (defined as a group of persons who usually live and eat together)

Household members (defined as members of the household who usually live in the household, which may include people who did not sleep in the household the previous night, but does not include visitors who slept in the household the previous night but do not usually live in the household)

Women aged 15-49

Children aged 0-4


Description of Scope

The Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey included the following modules in the questionnaires:

The Household Questionnaire: Household Listing; Education; Water and Sanitation; Security of Tenure/Durability of Housing; Malaria-related questions; Child Labour; Child Discipline; Salt Iodization

The Questionnaire for Individual Women:  Child Mortality; Tetanus Toxoid; Maternal and Newborn Health; Marriage and Union;  Attitudes Towards Domestic Violence; Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting; Sexual Behaviour; HIV knowledge

The Questionnaire for Children Under Five: Birth Registration and Early Learning; Child Development; Vitamin A; Breastfeeding; Care of Illness; Malaria; Immunization; and Anthropometry.


Geographic Coverage

The survey is nationally representative and covers the whole of the Gambia.


The survey covered all de jure household members (usual residents), all women aged 15-49 years resident in the household, and all children aged 0-4 years (under age 5) resident in the household.

Producers and Sponsors

Primary Investigator(s)

The Gambia Bureau of Statistics (DOSFEA)

Other Producers

DOSE - Department of State for Education : Writeup on education module
DOSH - Department of State for Health : Writeup on health module
NaNa - National Nutrition Office : Writeup on anthropometry


UNICEF - UNICEF : Funded the whole survey

Other Acknowledgements

Edrissa Ceesay (GBOS): Programmer
Alieu Ndow (GBOS): Coordinator

Metadata Production

Metadata produced by:

GBoS - The Gambia Bureau of Statistics (Department of State for Finance and Economic Affairs): Production and documentation of the study
IHSN - International Household Survey Network (Department of State for Finance and Economic Affairs): Review of the metadata
Rhiannon James (UNICEF): Customisation of Gambia MICS archive for childinfo.org

Date of metadata publication


DDI Document Version

Version 1.1: Edited version of the previous microdata, both the previous and this version of the metadata are based on final edited datasets. However, the data for certain tables, in particular, the education tables have changed insignificantly in the latest survey report.

DDI Document ID

Generated: MAY-14-2008 using the IHSN Microdata Management Toolkit