• Home
  • Data collection
  • Data analysis
  • Data dissemination
  • Statistics by area
  • Statistical tables
  • Statistics by country
  • Publications
Last update: Jun 2012

Trends in estimates of maternal mortality ratio (MMR, maternal deaths per 100 000 live births) by 5-year intervals, 1990–2010, by country


Source: UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group (MMEIG) WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, WB,

Download File

Countries and Territories Maternal Mortality Ratioa Percentage change in MMR
between 1990 and 2010
Average annual percentage change in MMR
between 1990 and 2010b
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Afghanistan130013001000710460–65–5.1
Albania4843393127–44–2.9
Algeria22018014011097–56–4.0
Angola12001200890650450–62–4.7
Argentina716063697790.4
Armenia4647383430–35–2.1
Australia1013977–24–1.4
Austria107554–59–4.4
Azerbaijan5681655243–23–1.3
Bahamas5256564747–9–0.4
Bahrain2321222120–13–0.7
Bangladesh800560400330240–70–5.9
Barbados12039494151–56–4.0
Belarus372831204–88–10.2
Belgium1010988–26–1.5
Belize71321007753–25–1.4
Benin770660530430350–55–3.9
Bhutan1000670430270180–82–8.3
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)450360280240190–57–4.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina18141098–56–4.0
Botswana140210350330160140.7
Brazil12096816756–51–3.5
Brunei Darussalam2925242524–16–0.9
Bulgaria2423281311–53–3.7
Burkina Faso700560450370300–57–4.1
Burundi110011001000910800–26–1.5
Cambodia830750510340250–70–5.8
Cameroon67072073072069030.2
Canada67711121013.6
Cape Verde20020017011079–61–4.7
Central African Republic930100010001000890–4–0.2
Chad9201000110011001100150.7
Chile5640292625–56–4.0
China12084614537–70–5.9
Colombia17013013010092–45–2.9
Comoros440380340310280–36–2.2
Congo420480540550560331.5
Costa Rica384547504040.2
Cτte d'Ivoire710660590510400–43–2.8
Croatia8141114171023.6
Cuba6361636773160.7
Cyprus1717151210–42–2.7
Czech Republic159775–65–5.1
Democratic People's Republic of Korea971401208581–16–0.9
Democratic Republic of the Congo930870770660540–42–2.7
Denmark13198712–3–0.1
Djibouti290290290220200–31–1.9
Dominican Republic220170130130150–32–1.9
Ecuador180150130110110–42–2.7
Egypt2301501007866–71–6
El Salvador1501301109481–46–3.1
Equatorial Guinea12001000450270240–81–7.9
Eritrea880550390300240–73–6.3
Estonia484628232–95–14
Ethiopia950880700510350–64–4.9
Fiji3233312926–18–1.0
Finland75565–30–1.7
France13131088–35–2.1
Gabon270260270260230–15–0.8
Gambia700650520430360–50–3.4
Georgia637558616770.3
Germany139777–43–2.8
Ghana580590550440350–40–2.6
Greece62533–55–3.9
Grenada3432272524–30–1.8
Guatemala160160130120120–27–1.5
Guinea12001100970800610–50–3.4
Guinea-Bissau11001000970890790–29–1.7
Guyana180170220280280512.1
Haiti620550460410350–43–2.7
Honduras220180160130100–52–3.7
Hungary2323101021–5–0.3
Iceland87765–30–1.8
India600480390280200–66–5.2
Indonesia600420340270220–63–4.9
Iran (Islamic Republic of)12072483021–81–8.1
Iraq8984787463–29–1.7
Ireland64626–12–0.6
Israel1210977–44–2.8
Italy106454–65–5.2
Jamaica59628389110923.3
Japan1291075–56–4.0
Jordan11088797263–42–2.7
Kazakhstan9290705051–44–2.9
Kenya400460490450360–9–0.5
Kuwait11109814241.1
Kyrgyzstan7398827771–3–0.2
Lao People's Democratic Republic16001200870650470–70–5.9
Latvia5758432134–40–2.5
Lebanon5246383125–52–3.6
Lesotho520540690720620190.9
Liberia1200190013001100770–38–2.4
Libya9976676158–42–2.7
Lithuania342121118–78–7.2
Luxembourg6111117202226
Madagascar640550400310240–62–4.7
Malawi11001000840630460–59–4.4
Malaysia5344393429–45–3.0
Maldives8303901909460–93–12.3
Mali1100930740620540–51–3.5
Malta141312108–42–2.7
Mauritania760690630560510–33–2.0
Mauritius6866283260–12–0.6
Mexico9285825450–45–3.0
Micronesia (Federated States of)140130130110100–28–1.6
Mongolia120110968463–49–3.4
Montenegro8101198–6–0.3
Morocco300230170130100–65–5.1
Mozambique910800710630490–46–3.1
Myanmar520380300230200–62–4.8
Namibia20020028031020020.1
Nepal770550360250170–78–7.3
Netherlands10121386–44–2.9
New Zealand1813121515–15–0.8
Nicaragua17015013011095–44–2.9
Niger12001100870720590–52–3.6
Nigeria11001000970820630–41–2.6
Norway94897–26–1.5
Occupied Palestinian Territory9072646764–29–1.7
Oman11074513932–72–6.2
Pakistan490440380310260–46–3
Panama10011011010092–9–0.5
Papua New Guinea390330310270230–41–2.6
Paraguay12012011011099–16–0.9
Peru2001701209067–66–5.2
Philippines17014012011099–43–2.8
Poland1714855–72–6.1
Portugal1510888–48–3.2
Puerto Rico3335262220–40–2.5
Qatar15131197–53–3.7
Republic of Korea1818191716–9–0.5
Republic of Moldova6260392541–33–2
Romania17072523027–84–8.8
Russian Federation7472573734–55–3.9
Rwanda9101000840550340–63–4.9
Saint Lucia6455464035–46–3
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines5987886448–18–1
Samoa260180150120100-60-4.5
Sao Tome and Principe1501201108770–54–3.8
Saudi Arabia4433272524–45–3
Senegal670590500430370–45–3
Serbia2325121012–46–3
Sierra Leone1300130013001000890–30–1.8
Singapore661593–40–2.5
Slovakia15101366–58–4.3
Slovenia111312141270.4
Solomon Islands15012012011093–36–2.2
Somalia890970100010001000150.7
South Africa250260330360300210.9
Spain74566–16–0.9
Sri Lanka8574584435–59–4.3
Sudan1000930870800730–27–1.6
Suriname8439130110130552.2
Swaziland30029036042032070.3
Sweden65544–32–1.9
Switzerland76668160.7
Syrian Arab Republic2401601208970–70–5.9
Tajikistan941601207965–31–1.8
Thailand5454665448–11–0.6
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia1614151010–37–2.3
Timor-Leste1000880610410300–71–6
Togo620540440370300–51–3.5
Tonga678687100110702.7
Trinidad and Tobago8690595946–47–3.1
Tunisia130110846856–57–4.1
Turkey6751392820–69–5.8
Turkmenistan8294917667–18–1
Uganda600590530420310–47–3.2
Ukraine4945352532–34–2
United Arab Emirates2416141312–49–3.3
United Kingdom1010121312231.1
United Republic of Tanzania870840730610460–47–3.2
United States of America1212141821652.5
Uruguay3935353129–26–1.5
Uzbekistan5936333228–53–3.7
Vanuatu220180120110110–52–3.6
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)9498919492–2–0.1
Viet Nam2401601007459–76–6.9
Yemen610520380270200–67–5.3
Zambia470530540500440–7–0.4
Zimbabwe450540640690570281.2


UNICEF Regions Maternal Mortality Ratioa Percentage change in MMR
between 1990 and 2010
Average annual percentage change in MMR
between 1990 and 2010b
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Africa 760740670570460–39–2.5
Sub-Saharan Africa 850820740630500–41–2.6
Eastern and Southern Africa 740720640530410–45–2.9
West and Central Africa 940910820700570–39–2.5
Middle East and North Africa290260220190170–42–2.7
Asia 410340280210160–61–4.6
South Asia 620500410300220–64–5
East Asia and the Pacific 21016013010082–62–4.7
Latin America and Caribbean 1401201008881–41–2.6
Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS) 7061493632–54–3.8
Industrialized countries 121111121220.1
Developing countries 440400350290240–47–3.1
Least developed countries 870790660540430–51–3.5
World400360320260210–47–3.1

Estimates have been computed to ensure comparability across countries; thus they are not necessarily the same as official statistics of the countries, which may use alternative rigorous methods.  


a MMR estimates have been rounded according to the following scheme: <100, no rounding; 100–999, rounded to nearest 10; and >1000, rounded to nearest 100. The numbers of maternal deaths have been rounded as follows: <1000, rounded to nearest 10; 1000–9999, rounded to nearest 100; and >10 000, rounded to nearest 1000.    

   
b Negative values indicate a decreasing MMR from 1990 to 2010, while positive values indicate an increasing MMR.