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Last update: Feb 2013

Statistical tables  


*The previously recommended indicator for treatment the RBM MERG ‘Proportion of children under five years old with fever receiving anti-malarial medicines’ is no longer recommended by the group. This indicator should be interpreted with caution because it refers to antimalarial treatment among all febrile children, rather than among confirmed malaria cases. Lower levels of coverage may indicate that antimalarials are being provided only to confirmed malaria cases. However, this may also indicate that children who are ill with malaria are not receiving needed treatment. In 2010 the World Health Organization started recommending universal use of diagnostic testing to confirm malaria infection and apply appropriate treatment based on the results. According to the new guidelines, treatment solely on the basis of clinical suspicion should only be considered when a parasitological diagnosis is not accessible.