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Last update: Jan 2013

Percentage of children aged 5–14 engaged in child labour

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Country or territory Total Gender Place of residence Wealth Index Quintile Source
Male Female Urban Rural Poorest Second Middle Fourth Richest
Afghanistan101110811121210108MICS 2010-11 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Albania1214941719171272MICS 2005
Algeria5y644675434MICS 2006
Andorra----------
Angola24x2225-------MICS 2001 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Antigua and Barbuda----------
Argentina7y8568-----EANNA 2003
Armenia4y532674322DHS 2010
Australia----------
Austria----------
Azerbaijan7y85211-----Dayioglu, Meltem. 2007. Working children in Azerbaijan: An analysis of the 2005 child labour and labouring children surveys. State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan and ILO, p. 31
Bahamas----------
Bahrain5x63-------MICS 2000 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Bangladesh131881113161513118MICS 2006
Barbados----------
Belarus5643989332MICS 2005
Belgium----------
Belize6753788533MICS 2011 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Benin464745-------DHS 2006 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Bhutan3332353222MICS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)26y28241565-----ETI 2008
Bosnia and Herzegovina57436511534MICS 2006
Botswana9y1171113-----Labour Force Survey 2005-06
Brazil3y42-------PNAD 2009
Brunei Darussalam----------
Bulgaria----------
Burkina Faso39423617444845433818DHS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Burundi26262715272728282721DHS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Cambodia37y---------Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey 2010
Cameroon31313025363340333018MICS 2006
Canada----------
Cape Verde3x,y43-------IDRF 2001, UCW Project calculations
Central African Republic 29273021333636322217MICS 2010 preliminary, UNICEF HQ calculations
Chad26252824272726282722MICS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Chile332-------ENSANA 2003, UCW Project calculations
China----------
Colombia9y126716-----GEIH 2009
Comoros27x2628-------MICS 2000 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Congo252425-------DHS 2005 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Cook Islands----------
Costa Rica563-------EHPM 2002, UCW Project calculations
Côte d'Ivoire35363420455244392214MICS 2006
Croatia----------
Cuba----------
Cyprus----------
Czech Republic----------
Democratic People's Republic of Korea----------
Democratic Republic of the Congo1513171017161616179MICS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Denmark----------
Djibouti888810-----MICS 2006
Dominica----------
Dominican Republic131881117191810105ENHOGAR 2009-10
Ecuador878-------ENEMDU 2008, UNICEF HQ calculations
Egypt785-------DHS 2005 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
El Salvador5y73-------EHPM 2007, UCW Project calculations
Equatorial Guinea28x2828-------MICS 2000 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Eritrea----------
Estonia----------
Ethiopia27y312413303131302715DHS 2011
Fiji----------
Finland----------
France----------
Gabon----------
Gambia1921181026282119179MICS 2010 preliminary, UNICEF HQ calculations
Georgia18201716201822201815MICS 2005
Germany----------
Ghana34343420434846312414MICS 2006
Greece----------
Grenada----------
Guatemala21y---------ENCOVI 2006
Guinea252624-------MICS 2003 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Guinea-Bissau38403623485149422315MICS 2010 preliminary, UNICEF HQ calculations
Guyana161716919291713124MICS 2006
Haiti212219-------DHS 2005-06 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Holy See----------
Honduras161615-------National Child Labour Survey 2002, UCW Project calculations
Hungary----------
Iceland----------
India12121291314141296DHS 2005-06
Indonesia7y86Working Children in Indonesia 2009 (2009 Indonesia Child Labour Survey)
Iran (Islamic Republic of)----------
Iraq11129618-----MICS 2006
Ireland----------
Israel----------
Italy----------
Jamaica67567-----MICS 2005
Japan----------
Jordan2y30-------Child Labour Survey 2007
Kazakhstan2223222322MICS 2006
Kenya26x2725-------MICS 2000 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Kiribati----------
Kuwait----------
Kyrgyzstan4432524553MICS 2005-06
Lao People's Democratic Republic111013813131312117MICS 2006
Latvia----------
Lebanon231-------MICS 2009
Lesotho23x2521MICS 2000 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Liberia21212116242725211814DHS 2007
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya----------
Liechtenstein----------
Lithuania----------
Luxembourg----------
Madagascar28y29271931-----ENTE 2007
Malawi26252614282630292618MICS 2006
Malaysia----------
Maldives----------
Mali21222118232124232117MICS 2010 preliminary, UNICEF HQ calculations
Malta----------
Marshall Islands----------
Mauritania16181592129221286MICS 2007
Mauritius----------
Mexico56538-----ENOE 2009, UNICEF Mexico Country Office calculations
Micronesia (Federated States of)----------
Monaco----------
Mongolia10101191615121193MICS 2010 preliminary, UNICEF HQ calculations
Montenegro10128617249563MICS 2005-06
Morocco8984131810532ENIMSJ 2006-07
Mozambique22212415252423252414MICS 2008
Myanmar----------
Namibia----------
Nauru----------
Nepal34y30381437-----Nepal Labour Force Survey 2008
Netherlands----------
New Zealand----------
Nicaragua15x1811-------DHS 2001 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Niger434343-------DHS 2006 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Nigeria29292921323434292717MICS 2007
Niue----------
Norway----------
Oman----------
Pakistan----------
Palau----------
Panama7y104-------ETI 2010
Papua New Guinea----------
Paraguay151712-------EPH 2004, UCW Project calculations
Peru34y31361861-----ESTI 2007
Philippines----------
Poland----------
Portugal3x,y43-------Labour Force Survey 2001, UCW Project calculations
Qatar----------
Republic of Korea----------
Republic of Moldova162012-------Working Children in the Republic of Moldova: The results of the 2009 children's activities survey
Romania1x11-------Household Labour Force Survey 2000, UCW Project calculations
Russian Federation----------
Rwanda29273019303331292918DHS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Saint Kitts and Nevis----------
Saint Lucia----------
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines----------
Samoa----------
San Marino----------
Sao Tome and Principe88761089974MICS 2006
Saudi Arabia----------
Senegal17y181692128211397DHS 2010-11 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Serbia4543686333MICS 2005
Seychelles----------
Sierra Leone26272518292933312411MICS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Singapore----------
Slovakia----------
Slovenia----------
Solomon Islands----------
Somalia49455436576260513932MICS 2006
South Africa----------
South Sudan*----------
Spain----------
Sri Lanka----------
State of Palestine----------
Sudan*----------
Suriname675324136323MICS 2006
Swaziland78778107855MICS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Sweden----------
Switzerland----------
Syrian Arab Republic4533675332MICS 2006
Tajikistan109118111412986MICS 2005
Thailand8888899987MICS 2005-06, table produced at UNICEF HQ
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia13121381720131487MICS 2011 preliminary, UNICEF HQ calculations
Timor-Leste444-------MICS 2002, UNICEF HQ calculations
Togo28282918333532331918MICS 2010 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Tonga----------
Trinidad and Tobago111--11100MICS 2006, table produced at UNICEF HQ
Tunisia----------
Turkey3y3224-----Child Labour Force Survey 2006
Turkmenistan----------
Tuvalu----------
Uganda25y2724-------Uganda National Household Survey 2009/10
Ukraine787412129355MICS 2005
United Arab Emirates----------
United Kingdom----------
United Republic of Tanzania21y23191525-----Integrated Labour Force Survey 2006
United States----------
Uruguay8y88-------ENHA 2006
Uzbekistan----------
Vanuatu----------
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)8x96-------MICS 2000 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Viet Nam777481210542MICS 2011 data, UNICEF HQ calculations
Yemen2321248293729231410MICS 2006
Zambia41y4240956-----Understanding Children's Work in Zambia, Country Report (based on Zambia Labour Force Survey 2005)
Zimbabwe----------
MEMORANDUM
Sudan & South Sudan*13x1412-------MICS 2000 data, UNICEF HQ calculations


Notes:
DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys
EANNA: Encuesta de Actividades de Niños, Niñas y Adolescentes (Argentina)
EHPM: Encuesta de hogares de propósitos múltiples (Costa Rica and El Salvador)
ENCOVI: Encuesta nacional de condiciones de vida (Guatemala)
ENHA: Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Ampliada (Uruguay)
ENHOGAR: Encuesta Nacional de Hogares de Propositos Multiples (Dominican Republic)
ENIMSJ: Enquête Nationale à Indicateurs Multiples et Santé des Jeunes (Morocco)
ENOE: Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo (Mexico)
ENSANA: Encuesta nacional sobre las actividades de niños y adolescentes (Chile)
ENTE: Enquête nationale sur le travail des enfants (Madagascar)
EPH: Encuesta permanente de hogares (Paraguay)
ESTI: Encuesta sobre Trabajo Infantil (Peru)
ETI: Encuesta de Trabajo Infantil (Bolivia and Panama)
GEIH: Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares (Colombia)
IDRF: Inquerito as despesas e receitas familiares (Cape Verde)
MICS: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
PNAD: Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (National Household Sample Survey; Brazil)
UCW: Understanding Children’s Work
*Due to the cession in July 2011 of the Republic of South Sudan from the Republic of the Sudan, and its subsequent admission to the UN on 14 July 2011, disaggregated data for Sudan and South Sudan as separate States are not yet available for most indicators. Aggregated data presented are for Sudan pre-cession (see Memorandum item).
"-" Data not available
x Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading. Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
y Data differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.