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Last update: Jun 2011

Knowledge of HIV

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Countries Year % of young people (aged 15-24) who have comprehensive knowledge of HIV (2005–2010*) ** Source
Male Female
Afghanistan––––
Albania2008–20092236DHS 2008–2009
Algeria2006–13MICS 2006
Andorra––––
Angola––––
Antigua and Barbuda––––
Argentina––––
Armenia20051523DHS 2005
Australia––––
Austria––––
Azerbaijan200655DHS 2006
Bahamas––––
Bahrain––––
Bangladesh2009–15MICS 2009
Barbados––––
Belarus2005–34MICS 2005
Belgium––––
Belize2006–40MICS 2006
Benin20063516DHS 2006
Bhutan––––
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 20082824DHS 2008
Bosnia and Herzegovina2006–44MICS 2006
Botswana––––
Brazil––––
Brunei Darussalam––––
Bulgaria20051517National Committee on Prevention of AIDS and STDs at the Council of Ministers, Dec. 2005
Burkina Faso2006–19MICS 2006
Burundi2005–30MICS 2005 (table HA.3)
Cambodia20054550DHS 2005
Cameroon2006–32MICS 2006
Canada––––
Cape Verde20053636INE, IDSR–II 2005
Central African Republic20062617MICS 2006
Chad––––
Chile––––
China––––
Colombia2010–24DHS 2010
Comoros––––
Congo2009228AIS 2009
Cook Islands––––
Costa Rica––––
Cτte d'Ivoire20052818Aids Indicator Survey 2005
Croatia––––
Cuba2006–52MICS 2006
Cyprus––––
Czech Republic––––
Democratic People's Republic of Korea––––
Democratic Republic of the Congo20072115DHS 2007
Denmark––––
Djibouti2006–18MICS 2006
Dominica––––
Dominican Republic20073441DHS 2007
Ecuador––––
Egypt2008185DHS 2008
El Salvador2008–27FESAL 2008
Equatorial Guinea––––
Eritrea––––
Estonia––––
Ethiopia20053320DHS 2005
Fiji––––
Finland––––
France––––
Gabon––––
Gambia2006–39MICS 2005–2006
Georgia2005–15MICS 2005
Germany––––
Ghana20083428DHS 2008
Greece––––
Grenada––––
Guatemala––––
Guinea20052317DHS 2005
Guinea–Bissau2006–18MICS 2006
Guyana2006–50MICS 2006
Haiti2005–20064034Enquκte Mortalitι, Morbiditι et Utilisation des Services 2005/06
Holy See––––
Honduras2005–2006–30DHS 2005–2006
Hungary––––
Iceland––––
India2005–20063620National Family Health Survey 2005–2006
Indonesia200715y10yDHS 2007
Iran (Islamic Republic of)––––
Iraq2006–3MICS 2006
Ireland––––
Israel––––
Italy––––
Jamaica2005–60MICS 2005
Japan––––
Jordan2007–13yDHS 2007
Kazakhstan2006–22MICS 2006
Kenya2008–20095548DHS 2008–2009
Kiribati––––
Kuwait––––
Kyrgyzstan2006–20MICS 2006
Lao People's Democratic Republic––––
Latvia––––
Lebanon––––
Lesotho20092939DHS 2009
Liberia20072721DHS 2007
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya––––
Liechtenstein––––
Lithuania––––
Luxembourg––––
Madagascar2008-20092623DHS 2008-2009
Malawi20064242MICS 2006
Malaysia––––
Maldives2009–35yDHS 2009
Mali20062218DHS 2006
Malta––––
Marshall Islands20073927DHS 2007
Mauritania2007145MICS 2007
Mauritius––––
Mexico––––
Micronesia (Federated States of)––––
Monaco––––
Mongolia2005–31MICS 2005
Montenegro2005–30MICS 2005
Morocco––––
Mozambique20093436AIS 2009
Myanmar––––
Namibia20066265DHS 2006
Nauru20071013DHS 2007
Nepal20064428DHS 2006
Netherlands––––
New Zealand––––
Nicaragua––––
Niger20061613DHS 2006
Nigeria20083322DHS 2008
Niue––––
Norway––––
Occupied Palestinian Territory––––
Oman––––
Pakistan2006–2007–3DHS 2006–2007
Palau––––
Panama––––
Papua New Guinea––––
Paraguay––––
Peru2007–19DHS 2007
Philippines2008–21DHS 2008
Poland––––
Portugal––––
Qatar––––
Republic of Korea––––
Republic of Moldova200839y42yNational Representative Survey on Youth's KAP Regarding HIV/AIDS 2008
Romania––––
Russian Federation––––
Rwanda20055451DHS 2005
Saint Kitts and Nevis––––
Saint Lucia––––
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines––––
Samoa200963DHS 2009
San Marino––––
Sao Tome and Principe2008-20094343DHS 2008-2009
Saudi Arabia––––
Senegal20052419DHS 2005
Serbia2006–42MICS 2006
Seychelles––––
Sierra Leone20082817DHS 2008
Singapore––––
Slovakia––––
Slovenia––––
Solomon Islands20073529DHS 2007
Somalia2006–4MICS 2006
South Africa––––
Spain––––
Sri Lanka––––
Sudan––––
Suriname2006–41MICS 2006
Swaziland2006–20075252DHS 2006–2007
Sweden––––
Switzerland––––
Syrian Arab Republic2006–7MICS 2006
Tajikistan2005–2MICS 2005
Thailand2005–2006–46MICS 2005–2006
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia2005–27MICS 2005–2006
Timor–Leste2009-20102012DHS 2009-2010
Togo2006–15MICS 2006
Tonga––––
Trinidad and Tobago2006–54MICS 2006
Tunisia––––
Turkey––––
Turkmenistan2006–5MICS 2006
Tuvalu20076139DHS 2007
Uganda20063832DHS 2006
Ukraine20074345DHS 2007
United Arab Emirates––––
United Kingdom––––
United Republic of Tanzania2007–20084239HMIS 2007–2008
United States––––
Uruguay––––
Uzbekistan2006–31MICS 2006
Vanuatu2007–15MICS 2007
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)––––
Viet Nam2006–44MICS 2006
Yemen2006–2yMICS 2006
Zambia20094138Sexual Behavior Survey 2009
Zimbabwe2009–53Multiple Indicator Monitoring Survey 2009
SUMMARY INDICATORS†
Africa3124
Sub–Saharan Africa3326
Eastern and Southern Africa4034
West and Central Africa2820
Middle East and North Africa––
Asia33z19z
South Asia3617
East Asia and Pacific–24z
Latin America and Caribbean––
CEE/CIS––
Industrialized countries––
Developing countries33z20z
Least developed countries3322
World–21z

AIS: AIDS Indicator Surveys
DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys
FESAL: Encuesta Nacional de Salud Familiar (El Salvador)
HMIS: HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey (United Republic of Tanzania)
INE: Instituto Nacional de Estatνstica (Cape Verde)
ISDR: Inquιrito Demogrαfico e de Saϊde Reprodutiva (Cape Verde)
KAP: knowledge, attitude and practice
MICS: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys

 

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS      

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV: Percentage of young men and women (aged 15–24) who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission and who know that a healthy-looking person can be HIV-infected.      
    
      
NOTES      
–   Data not available.      
*   Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.      
**   United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (2001) indicator.      
y   Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.      
z   Excludes China.      
†   Regional averages are calculated only for the population representing 50 per cent or more of the region's total population of interest.