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Last update: Feb 2013

Infant and young child feeding

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Country Year Exclusively breastfed (%)
< 6 months (%)
Introduction to solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%)
6-8 months (%)
Still breastfed at
12-15 months (%)
Still breastfed at
20-23 months (%)
Source
Afghanistan200329x92x54xMICS 2003.
Albania2008-200939786131DHS 2008-2009, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 157
Algeria20067x39x,y47x22xMICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Andorra
Angola200111x77x89x37xMICS 2001, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, February 2003.
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina2005-20065528Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud 2005-06, Ministerio de Salud y Ambiente, Table 31, p. 64
Armenia20103548y4423DHS 2010, Final report
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan200612x83x35x16xDHS 2006, Final Report, Tables 12.212.3, pp. 141142
Bahamas
Bahrain199564xGulf Family Health Survey 1995, Table 15.3, p.202.
Bangladesh201164719590pDHS 2011 and DHS 2007 reanalysis by HQ
Barbados
Belarus20059x38x18x4xMICS 2005, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Belgium
Belize200610x27xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, NU.3, pp. 5556
Benin200843x76y9992DHS 2006 and Analyse Globale de la Vulnérabilité, de la Sécurité Alimentaire et de la Nutrition (AGVSAN) 2008, Tables 19, 21, pp. 8485
Bhutan201049679366MICS 2010, Table 3, p. 35
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)200860838540DHS 2008, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 195
Bosnia and Herzegovina200518x29x26x10xMICS 2005, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Botswana20072046y366Family Health Survey 2007, Final report, Table 8.4, p. 64
Brazil200841y70x50x25xMoH 2008 and MoH, PNDS 2006, Table 43, p. 247
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso2010-201125619780pDHS 2010 and KAP Survey 2011
Burundi20106970y9479DHS 2010, Preliminary report, Table 10, p. 17
Cambodia20107482y8343DHS 2010, Final report
Cameroon20112063x,y79x24DHS MICS Preliminary 2011 and MICS 2006
Canada
Cape Verde200560x80x77x13xINE, IDSRII 2005, Final report, Tables 9.1, 9.2, pp. 138139
Central African Republic20103456x,y86x32MICS 2010 and MICS 2006
Chad20103468859MICS 2010 Preliminary
Chile
China20082843y37National Health Services Survey (NHSS) 2008, p. 85
Colombia201043865933DHS 2010, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 274
Comoros200021x34x65x45xMICS 2000, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, February 2003.
Congo200519x78x82x21xDHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.2, p. 160
Cook Islands1999Raratonga Infant Feeding Survey 1999, South Pacific Commission Report.
Costa Rica201015x926740Análisis de Módulo de Lactancia Materna ENAHO 2006 and 2010 - Ministerio de Salud, CCSS, INEC y UNICEF
Côte d'Ivoire20064x51x87x37xMICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Croatia1996MICS 1996, p. 22.
Cuba2010-201149772517MICS 2010-2011 Preliminary
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea200465x31x8636Nutrition Assessment 2004, Table 21, p. 59.
Democratic Republic of the Congo201037528753MICS 2010, Table 3, p. 11
Denmark
Djibouti20061x35x54x18xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables C.III.2., C.III.3, pp. 54, 56
Dominica
Dominican Republic20078883412DHS 2007, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 195
Ecuador200440x77x62x23xCEPAR, ENDEMAIN 2004, Table 12.8
Egypt200853707835DHS 2008, Final report, Table 13.2, p. 168
El Salvador20083172y7354FESAL 2008. Table 12.15, p. 372
Equatorial Guinea200024xMICS 2000, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ.
Eritrea200252x43x92x62xDHS 2002, Final report, Table 10.2, p.164.
Estonia
Ethiopia20115255x9682ETH_DHS_2011
Fiji200440xNational Nutrition Survey 2004, pp. 4748
Finland
France
Gabon20006x62x43x9xDHS 2000, Final report, Table 9.2, p. 165.
Gambia201034349431MICS 2010, Table NU.3
Georgia20095543y3717National Nutrition Survey 2009, Table 34, p. 61
Germany
Ghana200863769544DHS 2008, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 187
Greece
Grenada1998Health Information Unit.
Guatemala2008-20095071y7946ENSMI 2008 - 2009. Final report, Tables 9.5A, 9.5B, pp. 305-306
Guinea20084832y100Enquête Nationale sur l'état nutritionnel et le suivi des indicateurs de Survie de l'Enfant (ENENSE), Table 6.2
Guinea-Bissau201038439765MICS 2010, Table 3, p. 10
Guyana200933816249DHS 2009, Final report
Haiti200641x90x83x35xDHS 2006, Preliminary Report, Table 9, p. 22
Holy See
Honduras200630x84x72x48xDHS 2006, Final Report, Table 11.2, p. 181
Hungary
Iceland
India2005-200646x56x88x77xNFHS 2005-2006, Final report, Tables 10.4, 10.6, pp. 276, 279
Indonesia200732858050DHS 2007, Preliminary report, Table 11, p. 19
Iran (Islamic Republic of)200523x68x90x58xMOH, Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System (IMES)
Iraq200625x62x68x36xMICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica200515x36x49x24xMICS 2005, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Japan
Jordan20072284y4611DHS 2007, Final report, Table 11.2
Kazakhstan200617x50x57x16xMICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Kenya2008-200932858654DHS 2008-2009, Final report, Table 11.4, p. 149
Kiribati2009698982KIR_DHS 2009 Final Report_2009
Kuwait199621xGulf Family Health Survey 1996, Final report, Table 15.3, p. 203.
Kyrgyzstan200632x60x68x26xMICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Lao People's Democratic Republic200626x41x82x48xMICS 2006, Final report, Table NU.3, p. 78
Latvia
Lebanon20091535x3815LBN_MICS3_2009; comp MICS 2000
Lesotho200954687735DHS 2009, Final report
Liberia201034y51y8941Food Security and Nutrition Survey 2010, Table 5.3, p. 88
Libya199539xPAPCHILD, MCH Survey 1995, Table 8.4, p. 87.
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar2008-200951869261DHS 2008-2009, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 181
Malawi201072869677DHS 2010, Preliminary report, Table 9, p. 19
Malaysia1996National Health and Morbidity Survey 1996, Public Health Department, Ministry of Health.
Maldives200948917768DHS 2009, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 121
Mali200638x25x94x56xDHS 2006, Final report, Tables 11.1, 11.2, pp.158, 160
Malta
Marshall Islands20073177y6453DHS 2007, Final report, Tables 11.1, 11.2, pp. 156157
Mauritania20104661y9047yNational nutrition Survey 2010, Preliminary report, Tables 13-15, pp. 27-28; contBF2:18-23mo
Mauritius200221xContraceptive Prevalence Survey 2002, Executive Summary, p. 15
Mexico2009192736xMEX_Encuesta Nacional de la Dinámica Demográfica_2009
Micronesia (Federated States of)1999UNICEF, 2000, "Pacific Island Country Profile".
Monaco
Mongolia201059788266MICS 2010 Summary
Montenegro200519x35x25x13xMICS 2005, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Morocco2003-200431x66x57x15xDHS 2003-2004, Final report, Table 10.2, p. 133.
Mozambique201141869152pDHS 2011 and MICS 2008 reanalyzed by HQ
Myanmar2009-20102481y9165MICS 2009-2010, Table NU.3, p. 78
Namibia200624x91x69x28xDHS 2006, Final report
Nauru20076765y6865DHS 2007, Preliminary report, Tables 11.4, 11.5
Nepal201170669393DHS 2011
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua2006-20073176y6843ENDESA 2006-07 (DHS 2006-07), Final report, Table 9.2, p. 295
Niger20102765y95Enquête Survie des Enfants des enfants de 0 à 59 mois et Mortalité, Tables 2-4, pp. 10-14
Nigeria200813768532DHS 2008, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 180
Niue
Norway
Oman200091x95x73xNational Health Survey 2000, Table: 4.3, pp. 5455
Pakistan2006-20073736y7955DHS 2006-2007, Final report, Tables 11.11-12, pp. 140,142
Palau1995Ministry of Health 1996.
Panama1995-199634xMICS 1995/1996, Table 14, p. 34.
Papua New Guinea200656x76x,y89x72xDHS 2006, Final report, Table 9.2 and reanalysis by UNICEF HQ
Paraguay20082467y3814ENDSSR 2008, Table 9.6, p. 299
Peru2011718277y55yDHS 2011
Philippines200834905834DHS 2008, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 137
Poland
Portugal
Qatar199832xGulf Family Health Survey 1998, Final report, Table 14.3, p. 191.
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova200546x18x41x2xDHS 2005
Romania200416x41xReproductive Health Survey, Summary report, Table 6.4.1, pp. 45 and 55.
Russian Federation
Rwanda201085799584DHS 2010, Final report
Saint Kitts and Nevis199824xDepartment of Health, 1998.
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa20095171y7274DHS 2009, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 140
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe200951749220DHS 2009, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 165
Saudi Arabia199659xGulf Family Health Survey 1996, p. 60.
Senegal2010-20113961x9751DHS MICS 2010-2011
Serbia201014841815MICS 2010
Seychelles
Sierra Leone201032258448MICS 2010
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands20077481y8467DHS 2007, Final report
Somalia20069x16x50x35xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, NU.3, pp. 8081
South Africa20038x49x66x31xDHS 2003, Final report, Table 8.2, p. 144
South Sudan201045218238MICS 2010
Spain
Sri Lanka2006-20077687y9284DHS 2006-2007, Final report, Table 11.4, p. 165
State of Palestine200627xPalestinian Family Health Survey 2006. Preliminary Report. Table 17, p49
Sudan201041518840SHHS 2010
Suriname20062x58x39x15xMICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ July 2008
Swaziland201044666011MICS 2010, Table NU.3, p. 8
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic2009435625PAPFAM 2009, Table 14-2, p. 162
Tajikistan2004-200525x15x75x34xMICS 2005, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Thailand200915Reproductive health survey, p. 62
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia201123413413MICS 2011 Preliminary
Timor-Leste2009-201052827133DHS 2009-2010, Final report, Table 12.3, p. 155
Togo201062449364MICS 2010, Table NU.3
Tonga1999UNICEF, 2002, "Pacific Islands Country Profile".
Trinidad and Tobago200613x83x34x22xMICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tunisia20066x61x,y48x15xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, NU.3, pp. 63, 65
Turkey20084268y6722DHS 2008, Final report, Table 12.2, p. 174
Turkmenistan200511x54x72x37xMICS 2005, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tuvalu20073540y5451DHS 2007, Preliminary report, Table 9, p. 15
Uganda20116275x8746pDHS 2011 and MICS 2006 reanalyzed by HQ
Ukraine20071886266DHS 2007, Final report, Table 10.8, p. 95
United Arab Emirates199550xGulf Family Health Survey 1995, Final report, Table 15.3, p. 201.
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania201050929451DHS 2010, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 170
United States
Uruguay20116535y4527UNICEF RUANDI 2011 and 2007
Uzbekistan200626x47x78x38xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables 89, pp. 7980
Vanuatu200740687932MICS 2007, Final report, Tables NU.2, NU.3, pp. 25, 27
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)199836xEncuesta Nacional de Poblacion y Vivienda 1998, Oficina Central de Estadistica e Informatica, 1998.
Viet Nam201117507419MICS 2010-2011
Yemen200312x76xFamily Health Survey 2003, Table 14.2, p. 135
Zambia200761949442DHS 2007, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 166
Zimbabwe2010-201131868720DHS 2010-2011, Final report


Country Exclusively breastfed (%)
< 6 months (%)
Introduction to solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%)
6-8 months (%)
Still breastfed at
12-15 months (%)
Still breastfed at
20-23 months (%)
Sub-Saharan Africa37719050
Eastern and Southern Africa52849159
West and Central Africa25658943
Middle East and North Africa
South Asia47558775
East Asia and the Pacific28575142**
Latin America and the Caribbean37
CEE/CIS
Industrialized countries
Least developed countries49689264
World39607658**


Notes:

 

x: Data refer to years or periods other than those included in the regional and global averages (2007 - 2011) with the exception of the India NFHS 2005-2006.

y: Data differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.

** Excluding China.