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Last update: Feb 2013

Early initiation of breastfeeding (newborns put to the breast within one hour of birth)

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Country Year Early initiation of breastfeeding
(%)
Source
Afghanistan
Albania2008-200943DHS 2008-2009, Final report, Table 11.1, p. 155
Algeria200650xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Andorra
Angola200755Angola Nutrition Survey 2007
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia201036ARM_DHS _2010
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan200632xDHS 2006, Final Report, Tables 12.2, p. 141
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh200636xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Barbados
Belarus200521xMICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Belgium
Belize200651xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, p. 55
Benin200832Analyse Globale de la Vulnérabilité, de la Sécurité Alimentaire et de la Nutrition (AGVSAN) 2008, Table 20, p. 84
Bhutan201059MICS 2010, Table 5
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)200864DHS 2008
Bosnia and Herzegovina200557xMICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Botswana200740Family Health Survey 2007, Final report, Table 8.4, p. 63
Brazil200643xMOH, PNDS 2006, Table 43, p. 247
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso200620xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ May 2007
Burundi
Cambodia201065DHS 2010, Preliminary report, Table 11, p. 25
Cameroon200620xMICS 2006, Final report, Table NU.3, p. 125
Canada
Cape Verde200973xCPV_DHS_2005
Central African Republic201043CAF_Draft Rapport MICS 4_2012
Chad201029TCD_MICS (Prelim)_2010
Chile
China200841National Health Services Survey (NHSS) 2008, p. 417
Colombia201057DHS 2010, Final report, Table 11.1.1, p. 271
Comoros199625xDHS 1996, Final Report, Table 8.1, p. 118
Congo200539xDHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.1, p. 158
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire200625xMICS 2006, reanalysed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Croatia
Cuba200670xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.1, p. 42
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea200918MICS 2009
Democratic Republic of the Congo201043MICS 2010
Denmark
Djibouti201067National nutrition survey (SMART) 2010
Dominica
Dominican Republic200765DHS 2007, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 193
Ecuador
Egypt200856DHS 2008, Final report, Table 13.1, p. 166
El Salvador200833FESAL 2008. Tables 12.7-12.8, pp. 364-365
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea200278xDHS 2002, Final Report, Table 10.1, p. 162
Estonia
Ethiopia201152ETH_DHS_2011
Fiji200457xNational Nutrition Survey 2004, pp. 47-48
Finland
France
Gabon200071xDHS 2000, Final Report, Table 9.1, p. 163
Gambia201052GMB_MICS (Prelim)_2010
Georgia201069GEO_GEO_NCDC_statisticalYearboook_2010_2012, Based on Data collected from the Maternity Hospitals
Germany
Ghana200852DHS 2008, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 185
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala2008-200956National maternal and child health survey (ENSMI) 2008-2009
Guinea200540xDHS 2005, Final Report, Table 10.1, p. 153
Guinea-Bissau201055MICS 2010 Preliminary
Guyana200643xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ July 2008
Haiti200544xDHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.1, p. 148
Holy See
Honduras200579xDHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.1, p. 179
Hungary
Iceland
India2007-200841xDistrict Level Health Survey 2007-2008, Final report, Table 5.2, p. 85
Indonesia201029IDN_Basic Health Research_2010
Iran (Islamic Republic of)200556xMOH, Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System (IMES)
Iraq200631xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica200562xMICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Japan
Jordan200739PAPFAM 2007, Preliminary report, Table 11.2
Kazakhstan200664xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Kenya2008-200958DHS 2008-2009, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 147
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan200665xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Lao People's Democratic Republic200630xMICS 2006, reanalysed by UNICEF HQ, June 2008
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho200953DHS 2009, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 136
Liberia201044Food Security and Nutrition Survey 2010
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar2008-200972DHS 2008-2009, Final report, Table 11.1, p. 180
Malawi200658xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables 6.2, p. 51
Malaysia
Maldives200964DHS 2009, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 120
Mali200646xDHS 2006, Final report, Tables 11.1, p.158
Malta
Marshall Islands200773DHS 2007, Final report, Table 11.1, p. 156
Mauritania201081National nutrition survey (SMART) 2010
Mauritius
Mexico200918Encuesta Nacional de la Dinámica Demográfica (ENADID) 2009, with additional analysis by country office
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia201071MNG_MICS Summary Report_2010
Montenegro200525xMICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Morocco200352xDHS 2003, Final Report, Table 10.1, p. 134
Mozambique200863MICS 2008, Final report, Table 5.2a, p. 50
Myanmar2009-201076MICS 2009-2010, Table NU.2
Namibia2006-200771DHS 2006-07, Preliminary report, Tables 11.2
Nauru200776DHS 2007, Preliminary report, Table 11.4
Nepal201145NPL_DHS_2011
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua2006-200754DHS 2006-2007, Final report, Table 9.1, p. 291
Niger201042Enquête Survie des Enfants des enfants de 0 à 59 mois et Mortalité 2010
Nigeria200838DHS 2008, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 168
Niue
Norway
Oman200085xNational Health Survey 2000, Table: 4.1, p. 54
Pakistan2006-200729DHS 2006-07, Final report, Tables 11.1, p. 140
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay200847ENDSSR 2008, Table 9.3, p. 279
Peru201051DHS 2010, Final report, Table 10.1A, p. 237
Philippines200854DHS 2008, Final report, Table 11.1, p. 134
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova200565xDHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.1, p. 140
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda201071RWA_DHS_2010
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa200988DHS 2009, Final report, Table 11.1, p. 138
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe2008-200945DHS 2008-2009, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 163
Saudi Arabia
Senegal200523xDHS 2005, Final Report, Table 10.1, p. 182
Serbia20108SRB_MICS_2010
Seychelles
Sierra Leone201045SLE_MICS_2010
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands200775DHS 2007, Preliminary report, Table 11.4
Somalia200626xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, p. 80
South Africa200361xDHS 2003, Final report, Table 8.1, p. 143
South Sudan*
Spain
Sri Lanka2006-200780DHS 2006-2007, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 159
State of Palestine
Sudan*
Suriname200634xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, July 2008
Swaziland201055SWZ_MICS_2010
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic200946PAPFAM 2009, Table 14-1, p. 160
Tajikistan200957yWithin 30 minutes of birth; Micronutrient Status Survey (MNSS) 2009, Appendix 11, Table 109
Thailand2005-200650xMICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia201121MKD_MICS(Prelim)_2011
Timor-Leste2009-201082DHS 2009-2010, Final report, Table 12.2, p. 153
Togo201046TGO_Tableau final des donnees de MICS4 Togo 2010_2010-2011
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago200641xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tunisia200687xMICS 2006, Final report, Table NU.2, p. 63
Turkey200839DHS 2008, Final report, Table 12.1, p. 172
Turkmenistan200660xMICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tuvalu200715DHS 2007, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 161
Uganda200642xDHS 2006, Final report, Tables 12.2, p. 157
Ukraine200741DHS 2007, Final report, Table 10.7, p. 94
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania201049DHS 2010, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 168
United States
Uruguay201159URY_UNICEF RUANDI_2011
Uzbekistan200667xMICS 2006, Final report, Tables 8, p. 79
Vanuatu200772MICS 2007, Final report, Table NU.2, p. 25
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam201140VNM_MICS_2010-2011
Yemen200630xMICS 2006, Preliminary report, p. 13
Zambia200757DHS 2007, Final Report, Table 11.2, p. 165
Zimbabwe2005-200669xDHS 2005-06, Final Report, Table 11.1, p. 150


Reional summaries Early initiation of breastfeeding
(%)
Sub-Saharan Africa48
Eastern and Southern Africa56
West and Central Africa41
Middle East and North Africa-
South Asia39
East Asia and the Pacific41
Latin America and the Caribbean-
CEE/CIS-
Industrialized countries-
Least developed countries52
World42


Notes:

x: Data refer to estiamtes from years or periods other than 2007 - 2011 and are not used in the calculation of regional and global averages with the exception of the India NFHS 2005 - 2006.

 

DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys
ENDESA: Encuesta Nicaragüense de Demografía y Salud (Nicaragua)
ENDSSR: Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud Sexual y Reproductiva (Paraguay)
ENSMI: Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil (Guatemala)
FESAL: Encuesta Nacional de Salud Familiar (El Salvador)
INE-IDSR: Instituto Nacional de Estatística–Inquérito Demográfica e de Saúde Reprodutiva (Cape Verde)
MICS: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
MOH: Ministry of Health
PAPFAM: Pan Arab Project for Family Health
PNDS: Pesquisa Nacional de Demografia e Saúde (Brazil)
RHS: Reproductive Health Survey (Mongolia)
RUANDI-MSP: Red Uruguaya de Apoyo a la Nutrición y Desarollo Infantil-Ministerio de Salud Pública (Ministry of Public Health)
SMART: Standard Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions