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Last update: Jan 2009

Infant and young child feeding (2000-2007)

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Country Year Exclusive Breastfeeding Rate (%) Timely Complementary Feeding Rate (%) Continued Breastfeeding Rate (%) Source
< 4 months < 6 months 6-9 months 12-15 months 20-23 months
Afghanistan2003--299254MICS 2003.
Albania20064940697422National survey on BF and young child feeding practices, Tables 8 - 23, pp. 20 - 28
Algeria2006107394722MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Andorra-----
Angola20011411778937MICS 2001, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, February 2003.
Antigua and Barbuda-----
Argentina2005-2006---5528Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud 2005-06, Ministerio de Salud y Ambiente, Table 31, p. 64
Armenia20053733574015DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 12.3, p. 146
Australia-----
Austria-----
Azerbaijan20061612443516DHS 2006, Final Report, Tables 12.2-12.3, pp. 141-142
Bahamas-----
Bahrain199534x34x65x64x41xGulf Family Health Survey 1995, Table 15.3, p.202.
Bangladesh20065037529589MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Barbados-----
Belarus200512938184MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Belgium-----
Belize2006-10-27MICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, NU.3, pp. 55-56
Benin200654437296572006 DHS Final Report, p. 179 table 12.3
Bhutan-----
Bolivia20036254748246DHS 2003, Final report, Table 10.2, p. 201.
Bosnia and Herzegovina20052418292610MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Botswana20004334575411MICS 2000, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, February 2003.
Brazil1996--30x33x17xDHS 1996, Table 9.2, p.127
Brunei Darussalam-----
Bulgaria-----
Burkina Faso200687509685MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Burundi2005-4588--ISTEEBU, Rapport de l'Enquête Nationale de Nutrition de la Population 2005, Table 8, p. 26
Cambodia20056860829054DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 15.3, p. 172
Cameroon20062921647921MICS 2006, Final report, Table NU.3, p. 131
Canada-----
Cape Verde199857x57x64x60x13xInquerito Demografico e de Saude Reproductive1998, Table 11.6, p. 170.
Central African Republic 20063123558647MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Chad200422779265DHS 2004, Final report, Table 12.2, pp. 196-197.
Chile200685----Ministerio de Salud. Departamento de Estadísticas de Salud.Annexo Salud3
China20037751324315Third National Health Services Survey, Ministry of Health, 2003.
Colombia20055947655732DHS 2005, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 251.
Comoros20002421346545MICS 2000, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ, February 2003.
Congo20052419788221DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.2, p. 160
Congo, Dem. Rep.20074636829164DHS 2007, Preliminary report, Table 11, p. 23
Cook Islands199819x19x---Raratonga Infant Feeding Survey 1999, South Pacific Commission Report.
Costa Rica199335x35x47x21x12xEncuesta Nacional de Salud Reproductiva 1993, p. 8-19, Cuadro 8.10.
Côte d'Ivoire200654548737MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Croatia199624x23x---MICS 1996, p. 22.
Cuba20064226472516MICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.1~2, pp. 42~43
Cyprus-----
Czech Republic-----
Denmark-----
Djibouti200621235418MICS 2006, Final report, Tables C.III.2., C.III.3, pp. 54, 56
Dominica-----
Dominican Republic200664363815ONE, ENHOGAR 2006, Table 4, p. 22
Ecuador20044940776223CEPAR, ENDEMAIN 2004, Table 12.8
Egypt20086747y70y--DHS 2008, Preliminary report, Table 19, p. 23 (and additional analysis)
El Salvador2002-20033024766743FESAL 2002/03, Final Report, Tables 13.13 and 13.14, pp. 348-349
Equatorial Guinea2000-24---MICS 2000, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ.
Eritrea20026552439262DHS 2002, Final report, Table 10.2, p.164.
Estonia-----
Ethiopia2005574954--DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.2, p.145
Fiji199547x47x---Country Health Information Profile 1999, World Health Organization.
Finland-----
France-----
Gabon20007662439DHS 2000, Final report, Table 9.2, p. 165.
Gambia20065341449253MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Georgia20051311354120MICS 2005, Final report, Tables NU.2-3, pp. 8-9
Germany-----
Ghana20066554589556MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Greece-----
Grenada199839x39x---Health Information Unit.
Guatemala20025651678147ENSMI 2002, Final report, Table 9.6, p. 191.
Guinea20053227419671DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 10.2, p. 155
Guinea-Bissau20062116359361MICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, NU.3, pp. 111-112
Guyana20063121346548MICS 2006, Reanalyzed by UNICEF HQ July 2008
Haiti20064941878335DHS 2006, Preliminary Report, Table 9, p. 22
Holy See-----
Honduras20063430697248DHS 2006, Final Report, Table 11.2, p. 181
Hungary-----
Iceland-----
India2005-20065846578877NFHS 2005-06, Final report, Tables 10.4, 10.6, pp. 276, 279
Indonesia20074132758050DHS 2007, Preliminary report, Table 11, p. 19
Iran (Islamic Republic of)20054923689058MOH, Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System (IMES)
Iraq20063425516836MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Ireland-----
Israel-----
Italy-----
Jamaica20052115364924MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Japan-----
Jordan20072822664611PAPFAM 2007, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 136
Kazakhstan20062517395716MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Kenya20031813849257DHS 2003, Final report, Table 10.2, p. 155.
Kiribati199380x80x---UNICEF, 2000, "Pacific Island Country Profile".
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of20046765316737Nutrition Assessment 2004, Table 21, p. 59.
Korea, Republic of-----
Kuwait199612x12x26x21x9xGulf Family Health Survey 1996, Final report, Table 15.3, p. 203.
Kyrgyzstan20064132496826MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Lao People's Democratic Republic20063326708248MICS 2006, Final report, Table NU.3, p. 78
Latvia-----
Lebanon20002727353511MICS 2000, Preliminary report, Table 10.
Lesotho20044736799060DHS 2004, Final report, Table 10.2, p.159
Liberia20073529628747DHS 2007, Final report, Table 11.3, p. 141
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya1995---39x23xPAPCHILD, MCH Survey 1995, Table 8.4, p. 87.
Liechtenstein-----
Lithuania-----
Luxembourg-----
Madagascar2003-20047767789164DHS 2003-04, Final report, Table 9.2, p. 164.
Malawi20067257899772MICS 2006, Final report, Tables 6.2a, 6.4a, pp. 51, 57
Malaysia199629x29x-12xNational Health and Morbidity Survey 1996, Public Health Department, Ministry of Health.
Maldives2001271085--MICS 2001, Final report, Table 5.3.
Mali20064538309456DHS 2006, Final report, Tables 11.1, 11.2, pp.158, 160
Malta-----
Marshall Islands199163x63x---UNICEF, 2000, "Pacific Island Country Profile".
Mauritania20071611408533MICS 2007, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ June 2008
Mauritius20022121---Contraceptive Prevalence Survey 2002, Executive Summary, p. 15
Mexico198738x38x36x32x21xDHS 1987, Reanalyzed by ORC Macro International.
Micronesia (Federated States of)199960x60x---UNICEF, 2000, "Pacific Island Country Profile".
Moldova, Republic of2005574618412DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 11.2, p. 141
Monaco-----
Mongolia20056957578265MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Montenegro20052619352513MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Morocco2003-20044331665715DHS 2003-04, Final report, Table 10.2, p. 133.
Mozambique20033830809465DHS 2003, Final report (national report), Table 10.2, p. 167.
Myanmar20031515668567MICS 2003, Table 14, pp. 40-41.
Namibia20063524726528DHS 2006, Preliminary report, Tables 11.2, 11.3
Nauru-----
Nepal20067053759895DHS 2006, Preliminary Report, Table 11, p. 21
Netherlands-----
New Zealand-----
Nicaragua20063831836843DHS 2006-07, Preliminary report, Table 10, p. 43
Niger2007-973--Enquête Nutrition et Survie de l'Enfant, Table 18, p. 36
Nigeria20032217649034DHS 2003, Final report, Table 11.2, p. 154.
Niue-----
Norway-----
Occupied Palestinian Territory2006-27---Palestinian Family Health Survey 2006. Preliminary Report. Table 17, p49
Oman2000--919573National Health Survey 2000, Table: 4.3, pp. 54-55
Pakistan2006-20074437367955DHS 2006-07, Final report, Tables 11.1-11.2, pp. 140,142
Palau199559x59x---Ministry of Health 1996.
Panama1995-199632x25x38x34x21xMICS 1995/1996, Table 14, p. 34.
Papua New Guinea199675x59x74x92x66xDHS 1996 (national report).
Paraguay2004122260--Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud Reproductiva 2004, Informe Resumido, p. 73.
Peru2004-20066763827847DHS 2004-06, Final report, Table 10.2, p. 154
Philippines20034234585632DHS 2003, Final report, Table 10.2, p. 152.
Poland-----
Portugal-----
Qatar199812x12x48x32x21xGulf Family Health Survey 1998, Final report, Table 14.3, p. 191.
Romania2004-1641--Reproductive Health Survey, Summary report, Table 6.4.1, pp. 45 and 55.
Russian Federation-----
Rwanda20059488699677DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 10.2, p. 134.
Saint Kitts and Nevis199856x56x-24x-Department of Health, 1998.
Saint Lucia-----
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-----
Samoa-----
San Marino-----
Sao Tome and Principe20067060608818MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Saudi Arabia199631x31x60x59x30xGulf Family Health Survey 1996, p. 60.
Senegal20054634619342DHS 2005, Final Report, Table 10.2, p. 185
Serbia2005231539228MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Seychelles-----
Sierra Leone2005118528757MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Singapore-----
Slovakia-----
Slovenia-----
Solomon Islands20006565---UNICEF, 2000, "Pacific Island Country Profile".
Somalia2006139155035MICS 2006, Final report, Tables NU.2, NU.3, pp. 80-81
South Africa2003128496631DHS 2003, Final report, Table 8.2, p. 144
Spain-----
Sri Lanka20007553-8973DHS 2000, Final report, Table 9.2, p. 187.
Sudan20064334568435Sudan Household Health Survey 2006, Final report, Table 5.2, p. 65
Suriname200632343915MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ July 2008
Swaziland2006-20074332777831DHS 2006-07, Final report, Tables 11.2, 11.3, pp. 146-147
Sweden-----
Switzerland-----
Syrian Arab Republic20063529376416MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tajikistan 2004-20053625157534MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tanzania, United Republic of2003-20045541919155DHS 2004, Final Report, Table 11.2, p. 180
Thailand200585433219MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia199945x37x8x33x10xMICS 1999.
Timor-Leste20033931827635DHS 2003, Final report (national report), Table 13.2, p. 191.
Togo20063528357044MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tonga199962x62x---UNICEF, 2002, "Pacific Islands Country Profile".
Trinidad and Tobago20062013433422MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tunisia2000-47-5922MICS 2000, Table 7.1.
Turkey20032821385524DHS 2003, Final report (national report), Table 12.2, p. 142.
Turkmenistan20051511547237MICS 2005, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Tuvalu-----
Uganda20067360809154DHS 2006, Final report, Tables 12.2, 12.3, pp. 157, 159
Ukraine 2007281855266DHS 2007, Final report, Table 10.8, p. 95
United Arab Emirates199534x34x52x50x29xGulf Family Health Survey 1995, Final report, Table 15.3, p. 201.
United Kingdom-----
United States-----
Uruguay20036354324731IBFAM - UNICEF, Lactancia Materna. 2004
Uzbekistan20063726457838MICS 2006, Final report, Tables 8-9, pp. 79-80
Vanuatu199650x50x---UNICEF, 2001, "Pacific Island Country Profile".
Venezuela (Bolivarian Rep. of)19987x7x50x36x31xEncuesta Nacional de Poblacion y Vivienda 1998, Oficina Central de Estadistica e Informatica, 1998.
Viet Nam20062117707823MICS 2006, Re-analyzed by UNICEF HQ, May 2007
Yemen2003161276--Family Health Survey 2003, Table 14.2, p. 135
Zambia20077561939342DHS 2007 Preliminary report
Zimbabwe2005-2006242279--DHS2005-06, Final report, Tables 11.1, 11.2, pp. 150-151


Region Exclusive
Breastfeeding Rate (%)
Timely Complementary
Feeding Rate (%)
Continued
Breastfeeding Rate (%)
< 4 months < 6 months 6-9 months 12-15 months 20-23 months
Sub-Saharan Africa3931689051
Eastern and Southern Africa4840719056
Western and Central Africa3023659047
Middle East and North Africa3826577336
South Asia5644538875
East Asia and Pacific6343455427
Latin America and Caribbean-----
Central and Eastern Europe, Commonwealth of Independent States2720415423
Industrialized countries-----
Developing countries5138557751
Least developed countries4737649164
World5138557650
x - Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or represent only part of a country. Such data are not included in the calculation of regional and global averages.
y - Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or represent only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages.